China is following her own plan when it comes to economic development. Some even speak of the need for a new political theory to account for President Xi’s approach to government. It is not surprising that in China’s unique business context, companies also show different approaches to growth and organization. I study Chinese organizations and how to thrive in an uncertain business environment to draw lessons for global organizations facing increasingly dynamic business contexts. One such new organizational form is the innovative business ecosystem, exemplified by Alibaba but also adopted by Baidu, Tencent, Xiaomi and LeEco. While businesses are often organized in matrix structures, these companies follow a more boundaryless approach: the business ecosystem.